is landlocked, relatively flat, and contains large tracts of marshy
land. According to a 2005 estimate by the United Nations, 40% of Belarus
is covered by forests. Many streams and 11,000 lakes are found in Belarus.
Three major rivers run through the country: the Neman, the Pripyat,
and the Dnepr. The Neman flows westward towards
the Baltic sea and the Pripyat flows eastward to the Dnepr; the Dnepr
flows southward towards the Black Sea. Belarus's highest point is Dzyarzhynskaya
Hara (Dzyarzhynsk Hill) at 345 metres (1,132 ft), and its lowest point
is on the Neman River at 90 metres (295 ft). The average elevation of
Belarus is 525 feet (160 m) above sea level. The climate ranges from
harsh winters, with average January temperatures at ?6 °C (21.2
°F), to cool and moist summers with an average temperature of 18
°C (64.4 °F). Belarus has an average annual rainfall of 550
to 700 mm (21.7 to 27.6 in). The country experiences a yearly transition
from a continental climate to a maritime climate.
is bordered by Latvia on the north, Lithuania to the northwest, Poland
to the west, Russia to the north and east and Ukraine to the south.
Treaties in 1995 and 1996 demarcated Belarus's borders with Latvia and
Lithuania, but Belarus failed to ratify a 1997 treaty establishing the
Belarus-Ukraine border. Belarus and Lithuania ratified final border
demarcation documents in February 2007.